Three Doshas in Ayurveda

Three Doshas in Ayurveda

Three doshas in Ayurveda

Three doshas in Ayurveda: Ayurveda identifies that there are three basic types of energy in the body.

Three Doshas in Ayurveda

  1. Vata
  2. Pitta
  3. Kapha


Vata Pita Kapha


  • Vata is the energy of movement.
  • Also It controls bodily functions associated with motion, including blood circulation, breathing, blinking, muscle and tissue movements, heartbeat and movements of cytoplasm and cell membrane.
  • Balanced state of Vata energy will result in creativity and vitality.
  • Similarly Imbalanced state, vata creates fear and anxiety.


Pitta is the energy of digestion & metabolism.

  • First of all, it controls the body’s metabolic systems, including digestion, absorption, assimilation, nutrition, metabolism and temperature.
  • In balanced state, pitta leads to contentment and intelligence.
  • Furthermore, Imbalanced state, pitta cause ulcers and arouse anger.


Kapha is the energy of lubrication and structure.

  • This energy controls growth of the body.
  • It supplies water to all body parts, moisturizes the skin, lubricates the joints and bones and maintains the immune system.
  • Balanced condition of kapha is good for the expression of love and forgiveness.
  • Likewise imbalance may lead to insecurity and envy.


Equilibrium between the Doshas and their governing factors are important for proper health, therefore is the central dogma of Ayurveda.

Every individual has a unique composition of Tri-Doshas in their body.

One of the doshas will be prominent, so other will be moderate and the third will be least prominent.

Vata is more dominant under normal condition and controls the other two energy principles, Pitta and Kapha.

Any imbalance in a dosha will leads to various kinds of ailment (Vikriti) and also their symptoms.

Also, Food (ahara), Drugs (aushada) and Lifestyle (vihara) are the important factors that maintain the balance in a human body.

Imbalance in the central dogma of Ayurveda can be caused by external factors like unhealthy diet, bad habits, more mental stress and climatic changes.

Therefore, equilibrium or balance is regained for maintaining health in Ayurveda by implementing new life style, appropriate diet and use of herbal drugs.

– Dr Subajanane Jeyanthan, Niyanthree Ayurveda Clinic, Colombo-


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